Driving under the influence (DUI) checkpoints are a common method used by law enforcement to catch intoxicated drivers. Knowing your rights and understanding how to handle an encounter at a DUI checkpoint is crucial to protect yourself and potentially avoid legal trouble. In this blog post, we will discuss practical tips and legal rights you should be aware of when approaching a DUI checkpoint.
1. Understand the Legality of DUI Checkpoints
First and foremost, it's essential to know that DUI checkpoints are legal in California. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the 1990 case Michigan Department of State Police v. Sitz that DUI checkpoints are constitutional, as they serve a significant public interest in reducing drunk driving incidents. However, specific guidelines must be followed, such as proper signage, clearly visible officers, and predetermined selection criteria for stopping vehicles.
2. Remain Calm and Respectful
When approaching a DUI checkpoint, it's essential to remain calm and respectful towards the officers. Keep your hands visible on the steering wheel, and avoid making sudden movements that may be perceived as suspicious. Remember that officers are trained to detect signs of impairment, so any erratic behavior may raise suspicion.
3. Know Your Rights During the Encounter
During a DUI checkpoint encounter, you have specific rights that you should be aware of. These include:
- The right to remain silent: You are not legally required to answer questions about where you have been or whether you have consumed alcohol. However, refusing to provide basic information such as your name, driver's license, and registration may lead to further suspicion.
- The right to refuse a field sobriety test: You are not legally required to perform a field sobriety test, such as walking in a straight line or standing on one leg. However, refusing the test may result in a license suspension under California's implied consent law.
- The right to refuse a preliminary alcohol screening (PAS) test: If you are over 21 and not on probation for a prior DUI, you have the right to refuse a PAS test, which is a handheld breathalyzer used at the scene. However, if you are arrested for DUI, you will be required to submit to a chemical test (blood or breath) at the police station.
4. Record the Encounter
Recording your encounter with law enforcement at a DUI checkpoint can provide valuable evidence if you are charged with a DUI. Be sure to inform the officer that you are recording, as California is a two-party consent state for audio recordings. Video recordings are generally allowed without consent, as long as they do not interfere with the officer's duties.
5. Contact an Experienced DUI Attorney
If you are arrested or charged with a DUI at a checkpoint, it's crucial to contact an experienced DUI attorney as soon as possible. A skilled attorney can review the circumstances of the checkpoint and your arrest to determine if any legal rights were violated. Additionally, they can guide you through the complex legal process and fight for the best possible outcome in your case.
The Law Office of David E. Grande specializes in DUI cases. Our team of dedicated professionals is committed to providing you with the best possible defense and ensuring that your rights are protected throughout the process. If you or a loved one has been arrested or charged with a DUI at a checkpoint, contact us today for a free consultation.